WBGO Blog
  • Taylor's Take Three: Is Jazz America's Classical Music?

    July 23, 2011. Posted by Tim Wilkins.

    Add new comment | Filed under: billy taylor

    The following is the third in our series of tributes to Dr. Billy Taylor, part of our celebration of "Doctor T," who would have turned ninety this Sunday. Check wbgo.org/billytaylor for our full tribute page, which includes rare audio clips and our exclusive webcast of Billy Taylor: A Life In Jazz, a new video documentary by Bret Primack.

    Dr. Taylor Himself
    The Revolutionary Dr. Taylor

    "Jazz is America's Classical music."

    Now that jazz plays alongside classical music at concert halls around the world,  this phrase barely sounds  controversial – it may even sound old hat. But back in 1975, when Billy Taylor wrote these words in his dissertation at the University of Massachussetts at Amherst, the idea was revolutionary.

    Al Pryor, WBGO's founding music and program director, remembers those hot debates well.

    "There was some conflict regarding jazz as an appropriate subject for scholarly investigation," he recalled. "Dr. Taylor's thesis was essentially an academic proof, arguing that jazz meets all the requirements to be considered a 'classical' art form."

    In other words, Taylor's idea was not that jazz should emulate European Classical music, and abandon improvisation or syncopation, but rather that it could claim the respect as an art form which only European Classical music took for granted at the time.

    Dr. Taylor stayed on in Amherst to create a jazz studies program, and persuaded other top-flight jazz musicians to join him on the faculty there. Pryor also came to Amherst, where he took a job at an NPR affiliate on the UMass campus, after finishing his law degree in nearby Springfield.

    "Dr. Taylor, along with Max Roach and Archie Shepp, who were teaching at UMass, eventually prevailed at the university, through the sheer force of their intellect and their articulate voices and musicianship," Pryor recalled. The importance of this struggle cannot be underestimated."

    It was under Taylor's influence that Pryor and other young NPR staffers hatched the idea that came to life as WBGO.

    They felt a public radio station could be organized entirely around a jazz format, inspired by Dr. Taylor's work. When an opportunity arose to create a new public radio station in Newark in 1979, Pryor leapt at the chance, and persuaded the station's organizers to adopt an all-jazz format, a first in public broadcasting.

    "Since my ideas for a jazz format for WBGO were directly tied to Dr. Taylor's thesis, it is more than likely that this had had something to do with my becoming the original music and later program director, and everything to do with the foundation of WBGO and Newark Public Broadcasting," said Pryor, who now works for Mack Avenue Records.

    For Pryor himself, Taylor's influence reached well beyond the campus and the radio dial, two places where his ideas ultimately prevailed.

    "Billy Taylor's special gift to me was to instruct me that while excellence is required, there was a place for me – a young African American – in the promulgation of jazz in the media, education and the attendant scholarly pursuits, and as an ideal vision of American life."

  • Taylor's Take Two: What Did Tatum Teach?

    July 21, 2011. Posted by Tim Wilkins.

    Add new comment | Filed under: billy taylor

    The following is the second in our series of rare audio clips of Dr. Billy Taylor, drawn from the WBGO archives, which are part of our celebration of "Doctor T," who would have turned ninety this Sunday. Check wbgo.org/billytaylor for our full tribute page, which includes more clips and our exclusive webcast of Billy Taylor: A Life In Jazz, a new video documentary by Bret Primack.

    Take Two: What Did Tatum Teach Taylor?

    In 2009, Tatum's centennial year, Doctor T stopped by WBGO's studios again and sat down at the piano with Gary Walker to share memories and some of what he learned from his mentor and friend.

    Billy Taylor with Art Tatum and friends
    Billy Taylor with Art Tatum and friends

    "He liked things that used the melody to take him to some unexpected place," Taylor told Gary, as he played through the first chords of Eubie Blake's "Memories of You" as Tatum might have done. "Why was it diffferent? Well, it was different because he heard things that were different."

    In 1944, at age twenty-three, Taylor moved to New York City and found work on 52nd Street alongside tenor saxophonist Ben Webster. If landing a gig with a Swing-Era legend was superb luck for any young musician, then Taylor was twice lucky, because Webster's quartet played opposite Tatum, who was Taylor's boyhood idol and the first to inspire him to play jazz.

    "When I first wanted to play jazz, my uncle gave me my first Art Tatum record, and said... 'Try to play this!'" Taylor recalled. "And I said, 'Wow - how do you do that?'"

    The two became fast friends, and spent countless hours together at baseball games and of course at the piano keyboard, playing and talking about music.

    You can hear more of the fascinating hour Taylor spent with Walker in this special broadcast, which first aired on November 5th, 2009, the anniversary of Tatum's death, by clicking on the link below.


  • Taylor's Take One: Doctor T Plays Every Key

    July 21, 2011. Posted by Tim Wilkins.

    Add new comment | Filed under: billy taylor

    The following is the first in our series of rare audio clips of Dr. Billy Taylor, drawn from the WBGO archives, which are part of our celebration of "Doctor T," who would have turned ninety this Sunday. Check wbgo.org/billytaylor for our full tribute page, which includes more clips and our exclusive webcast of Billy Taylor: A Life In Jazz, a new video documentary by Bret Primack.

    Take One: Doctor T Plays Every Key

    One of the many special moments we shared at WBGO with "Doctor T" came in 1988, when when he visited our studios with bassist Victor Gaskin and drummer Bobby Thomas.

    Doctor T Plays Every Key
    Doctor T Plays Every Key

    Taylor was the natural choice to inaugurate the new Steinway grand in our Performance Studio. He chose to play Dizzy Gillespie's "A Night In Tunisia" and his own composition, "I'm In Love With You," and he promised to play every key on the piano, a skill he learned from his mentor, Art Tatum. And so he did - as you can hear for yourself in this clip!